WH&Y authors: Professor Fiona Brooks
Citation: Franco Cavallo, Paola Dalmasso, Veronika Ottová-Jordan, Fiona Brooks, Joanna Mazur, Raili Välimaa, Inese Gobina, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Ulrike Raven-Sieberer, the Positive Health Focus Group, Trends in life satisfaction in European and North-American adolescents from 2002 to 2010 in over 30 countries, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 25, Issue suppl 2, 1 April 2015, Pages 80–82
Background: Life satisfaction (LS) is an indicator which is widely used for assessing the perception of a child’s feeling about his life.
Methods: LS is assessed in Health Behaviour in School-aged Children via the Cantril ladder with 10 steps indicating the worst and best possible life. This range of values (0–10) was dichotomized into ‘low’ (0–5) vs. ‘high’ (6–10). Countries, age groups and genders were compared based on the odds ratio (OR) of declaring a higher LS in 2010 with respect to 2002.
Results: Analyzing the difference between 2002 and 2010, six countries from Western Europe show decreasing LS: Austria, Canada, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland and Greenland. In contrast, a group of Eastern European Countries, that is, Estonia, Croatia, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and Ukraine, show a significant increase in LS. Data on gender and age differences confirm the lower rating of LS in girls and a decreasing rating with age.
Conclusion: The LS scale appears to be a tool capable of discriminating the level of wellbeing of adolescent population among countries.
About The Authors
Fiona Brooks is Associate Dean (Research) at the University of Technology, Sydney. Her work seeks to...