Citation: Perry L, Dunbabin J, Xu X-Y1, Lowe J, Acharya S, James S, Steinbeck KS. Service use of young people with Type 1 diabetes after transition from paediatric to adult-based diabetes healthcare. Australian Health Review. 2020
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine, in the first 2 years after the last planned appointment with paediatric diabetes services for young people with Type 1 diabetes (T1D): (1) the number of planned and unplanned healthcare contacts and HbA1c measurements made; (2) factors linked to diabetes-related service use; and (3) factors predictive of the number of planned and unplanned service contacts, and of meeting the minimum number of planned service contacts.
Methods: Healthcare records of a major public healthcare provider in Australia were audited for preventive and acute service use by young people with T1D transferring from paediatric to adult public healthcare services. Statistical analyses included use of t-tests and logistic regression modelling.
Results: Of 172 young people with T1D, 21% had no planned specialist care and 49% accessed acute services for diabetes-related matters. Residents of metropolitan areas and users of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy were more likely to access specialist care and were less likely to use acute services for unplanned care. Those achieving a minimum of nine planned care contacts in 2 years had a shorter duration between the last paediatric and first adult healthcare contact.
Conclusions: Lack of specialist care in early adult years and non-metropolitan relative disadvantage compromise the present and future health of young people with diabetes.
About The Authors
Lin Perry is Professor of Nursing Research and Practice Development with the University of Technolog...
Kate Steinbeck is an endocrinologist and adolescent physician, and Professor and Medical Foundation ...